9.4 The Indirect Object - Dative

The third picture shows the relation of the three objects. One person is giving/renting/selling the car to another one.

Possible constructions could be

The man is giving the car to his son.
If we change the phrase and take the prepositions away it looks like this:
The man is giving the car his son.

The second phrase is still understood, but it's not perfect. The German system introduces the third declension - the Dative - to express the relation to the third indirect object.

arti. noun verb arti. noun prep. article noun
Der Mann schenkt das Auto - der Frau
The man gives the car to the woman


Again the German phrase does not use any preposition, but it uses the third declension. Instead of die Frau in basic form we have der Frau.

Let's have a look at the overview.

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