explanations vocabulary / grammar video show /hide
|video 05: explanations::grammar::vocabulary|
Meine Schwester hab' ich wohl letztes Mal in Bayern vergessen. = It seems that I have forgotten my sister last time in Bavaria.
meine = my
Schwester = sister
letzter = last
letztes Mal = last time
vergessen - vergessen = to forget - forgotten
Grammar: The correct form of the first person singular of 'haben' would be (ich habe) with an 'e', but this e very often is omitted. This is a phenomena you can see very often in German, the final 'e' has a hard live in German.
Das ist aber nicht schlimm, die kommt schon irgendwann wieder. = But that' s nothing serious, she will return.
schlimm = severe
irgendwann = (one day)
Heute geht es um Sachsen - Anhalt. Das ist hier irgendwo hinter mir, ziemlich in der Mitte. = Today we are going to talk about Sachsen - Anhalt. You find it somewhere behind me, almost in the middle.
heute = today
irgendwo = somewhere
ziemlich = here: almost
hinter = behind
Die Hauptstadt von Sachsen - Anhalt heißt Magdeburg und aus Magdeburg kommen diese Jungs. = The capital of Sachsen - Anhalt is Magdeburg and Magdeburg is the city where this boys come from.
Hauptstadt = capital
kommen - kommen = to come - they come
Junge - Jungs = boy - boys
Vielleicht kennt die ja einer von Euch. = Perhaps someone of you know them.
vielleicht = perhaps
kennen - kennt = to know - you know
euch = you
Also, mir sind sie viel zu alt, aber meine Mutter findet die ganz toll! = Well, for me, they are to old, but my mother like them
viel = a lot
zu viel = to much
toll = fantastic
Und meine Oma. = and my grandmother.
Oma = grandmother
In a more formal context one would say Großmutter instead of Oma.
Mehr weiß ich nicht über Sachsen - Anhalt. = I don' t know more of Sachsen - Anhalt.
mehr = more
Grammar: We see once again a phenomena we already know. If a sentence starts with an adverb, in this case 'mehr', the subject goes behind the verb. 'Ich weiß nichts über Sachsen - Anhalt' but 'Mehr weiß ich nicht, über Sachsen - Anhalt'.
Doch, ich weiß, wie das Wappen aussieht! Nämlich so. = Well, one thing I still know, I know how the emblem looks like! It is like this.
Wappen = emblem
sehen = to look
aussehen = to look like
Grammar: This is a phenomena we have already seen very often. The verb with the prefix has a completely different meaning than the verb without the prefix.
Das war' s, bis zum nächsten Mal! = This is all, till next time.
sein - war = to be - was
'Das war's' corresponds to 'Das war es'. It is an idiomatic expression which corresponds to "That' s it' in english.
|3.2.2 The sound v and w|
The German v has actually two different sounds. One is like the English (and also German f). That means that there are actually two letters having the same sound (=f).
|German v like f|
But then it can also have The sound like the English v (or in German a w). So the German w-sound and the German f-sound have two possibilities to be expressed. With w=v, and with f=v.
|v pronounced like the English v|
Once more for your comparison:
|v pronounced like an f|
|Volk||people (e.g. Indian people)|
|as we see the German letter v has two different sounds. There is even a poem that expresses this issue quite well.|
The poem plays with words which are hard to translate. We'll try anyway:
Vollmond = full moon
Wollmond = woollen moon
Veilchen = violet
Weilchen = little while
Vetter = cousin
Wetter = weather
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