24.4 Examples


Let's say we have two phrases    
  das Auto (neutral, singular) auto
  correct: Ich schenke ihm mein neues Auto.
incorrect: Ich schenke ihm mein neuen Auto.
I give him my new car.

If we want to check which of the two phrases is the correct one, we best check the corresponding table. We need the following information:

What's before the adjective? possessive pronoun.
Gender and number? neutral, singular
Which declension? direct object (= Accusative)

Checking the table we'll find the right ending.

Endings of the declensions with possessive pronouns
neutral singular plural masculine singular plural feminine singular plural
  Nominative -es -en Nominative -er -en Nominative

-e

-en
  Genitive -en -en Genitive -en -en Genitive -en -en
  Dative -en -en Dative -en -en Dative -en -en
  Accusative -es -en Accusative -en -en Accusative -e -en

We have again two phrases.    
  der Bleistift (masculine, singular)
pencil
  die Bleistifte (masculine, plural)
pencils
  correcto: Ich gebe ihm gelbe Bleistifte.
incorrecto: Ich gebe ihm gelben Bleistifte.
I give him yellow pencils.

If we want to check which of the two phrases the correct one is, we best check the corresponding table. We need the following information:

What's before the adjective? nothing
Gender and number? masculine, plural
Which declension? direct object (= Accusative)

Checking the table we'll find the right ending.

Endings of the declensions without article
neutral singular plural masculine singular plural feminine singular plural
  Nominative -es -e Nominative -er -e Nominative

-e

-e
  Genitive -en -er Genitive -en -er Genitive -er -er
  Dative -em -en Dative -em -en Dative -er -en
  Accusative -es -e Accusative -en -e Accusative -e -e

Another example    
  die Banane (feminine, singular)
banana
  die Bananen (feminine, plural)
bananas
  correcto: Das Zimmer verströmte den
Duft süßer Bananen.
incorrecto: Das Zimmer verströmte den
Duft süße Bananen.
The room exuded the scent of sweet bananas.

If we want to check which of the two phrases the correct one is, we best check the corresponding table. We need the following information:

What's before the adjective? nothing
Gender and number? feminine, plural
Which declension? Genitive

Checking the table we'll find the right ending.

Endings of the declensions without article
neutral singular plural masculine singular plural feminine singular plural
  Nominative -es -e Nominative -er -e Nominative

-e

-e
  Genitive -en -er Genitive -en -er Genitive -er -er
  Dative -em -en Dative -em -en Dative -er -en
  Accusative -es -e Accusative -en -e Accusative -e -e






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