|15.3 Present perfect / Perfect|
The present perfect is a compound tense that is formed with a modal verb and the perfect participle.
|pronoun||modal verb||perfect participle|
Actually it works the same in other European languages (if you care to know):
|Yo he venido. = I have
Yo he comprado una casa. = I have bought a house.
|Io sono venuto. = I have
Io ho comprato una casa. = I have bought a house.
|Je suis venu. = I have
J´ai acheté une maison. = I have bought a house.
The last two examples have
one thing more in common with German. They use different
modal verbs for different verb types. Participles of intransitive verbs
(the ones that don't need a direct object) are formed
with the verb to be. Participles of transitive verbs are formed with the verb to have.
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